1933

Montevideo convention on the Rights and Duties of States

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The Convention codified the declarative theory of statehood as accepted as part of customary international law. Under the Montevideo Convention, an entity is a State when it possesses: (1) a permanent population; (2) a defined territory; (3) a government and (4) the capacity to enter into relations with other states. Article 3 of the Convention declares that statehood is independent of recognition by other states.