1980s

Arab-Israeli conflicts and the First Intifada

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In December 1987, a collective Palestinian uprising erupted against Israel in the West Bank and Gaza areas. The incident – called Intifada, „shaking off” – started on 6 December. Its deep roots lay in the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza territories, but it is widely accepted that this time the main reasons were a series of rumors and false allegations. Even though it was the first time that Palestinians acted together as a nation, they did not achieve independence. The international community has paid great attention to the conflict which paved the way for future negotiations between the two parts culminating in the Oslo Accords (1993).