2011

Resolution of the Council of Europe on National sovereignty and statehood in contemporary international law

pic_medium_28

A resolution of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly in 2003 have recognized that renewed tensions – as the product of unresolved conflicts within states – are partly due to the territorial changes and the emergence of new states following the two world wars and the collapse of the former communist system in the 1990s. The resolution calls for preventing tensions by decentralization and introducing territorial or cultural autonomy. According to the Parliamentary Assembly, successful autonomy depends on balanced relationships within a state between majorities and minorities, but also between minorities themselves. Autonomous status must always respect the principles of equality and non-discrimination, and be based on the territorial integrity and sovereignty of states.
In 2011 the Council of Europe have made the application of those principles mandatory for its member states. In this resolution the Council of Europe made a commitment to right of self-determination and opposed unilateral secession and violence at the same time. According to the resolution came into force in 2011, all member states must provide autonomous status within its territory. Host states shall be responsible for providing autonomous executive and legislative power and must have constitutional and financial guarantees for establishment of such institutions.